Proximate Analysis of the red algae Kappaphycus alvarezii Nutrition Profile Value Measured Reported by Reported by Istiani et Liem (2013) al. ; Mostafa, S.S.; Shalaby, E.A. Kappaphycus alvarezii, seawee. : STUDY OF NUTRITIONAL PROFILE OF RED SEAWEED 1639 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION Proximate Analysis of Seaweed Without Fermentation Proximate analysis was done to examine nutrition value of pretreated seaweed Kappaphycus alvarezii. Nutritional value of edible seaweeds. A comprehensive review on metabolic syndrome. ; Anton, A.; Yassir, S. Chemical composition of farmed and micropropagated. Prebiotic evaluation of red seaweed (. Assessment of Japanese iodine intake based on seaweed consumption in Japan: A literature-based analysis. ... EWG's Food Scores. ; Wong, N.D. Int J Pharm Bio Sci 4:921–929, Necas J, Bartosikova L (2013) Carrageenan: a review. K. alvarezii is one source of food that is rich in food fiber. ; O’Dea, K. Effect of soluble dietary fibre on the viscosity of gastrointestinal contents and the acute glycaemic response in the rat. Please let us know what you think of our products and services. Dried Kappaphycus contained carbohydrates (38.3% dry weight (d.w.)) and minerals (ash content: 58.0% d.w.) with relatively small amount of proteins (1.34% d.w.; sum of amino acids, Supplementary Table S1) and lipids (0.62% d.w.) and a low energy content of 5.23 kJ/g. Cancer: Ingredients linked to cancer in government, industry or academic studies or assessments. (1986) Total Energy (kal) 2883.8 -- -- Dry matter (%) 91.1 86.1 90.05 Water content (%) 8.9 13.9 9.95 Ash (%) 18.68 17.09 17.69 Crude fat (%) 0.22 0.37 0.53 Crude protein (%) 3.26 2.69 3.82 Non protein nitrogen (%) 0.56 -- -- Extract matter without N … J. Physiol. ; Le, T.V. Glycan foraging in vivo by an intestine-adapted bacterial symbiont. complexation present between K. alvarezii and Cu@Cu 2 O-NPs. In addition, these seaweeds possess bioactive secondary metabolites and several drug-like molecules8. 51: 2014: Feasibility of cultivation of Kappaphycus alvarezii (Doty) Doty at different localities on the Northwest coast of India. Position of the American Dietetic Association: Health implications of dietary fiber. Poudyal, H.; Panchal, S.K. Microbiota conservation and BMI signatures in adult monozygotic twins. Ratih Ida Adharini. Lee J, Wang J, Sen TS. A simple method for the isolation and purification of total lipides from animal tissues. Samples were collected in January using a transect method, then dried and ground to powder to determine the amino acid content. 3.70%. ; Li, X.; Lu, Y.; Chao, G.H. J Appl Phycol 14:409–418, Mendoza W, Ganzon-Fortes ET, Villanueva RD, Romero JB, Montano MNE (2006) Tissue age as a factor affecting carrageenan quantity and quality in farmed Kappaphycus striatum (Schmitz) Doty ex Silva. This paper presents the details of experimental studies carried out on Kappaphycus sp. Correspondence to J Appl Phycol 28:2507–2513, da Costa MA, Alves HJ, Alab JC, Albrecht LP, Albrecht AJP, Marra BM (2017) Kappaphycus alvarezii extract used for the seed treatment of soybean culture. Seaweed is a fast-growing plant that can be cultivated either at a small scale or a large scale. In general, the KA is composed on average by 50.8% carbohydrates, 3.3% proteins, 3.3% lipids, 15.6% ash, 12.4% sulphated groups and 3.0% insoluble aromatics ( Masarin et al., 2016; Solorzano-Chavez et al., 2019 ). Carrageenan is widely used for pharmacy, cosmetics, food, gelling, and binding agent as well as emulsifier and stabi-lizer. The chemical composition of seaweed provides their high nutritional value contributing to human nutrients-such as proteins with all essential amino acids, minerals and vitamins. Hamilton, M.K. Cultivation and Biochemical Constituents of Kappaphycus alvarezii pour 41,61 €. ; Rawi, M.H. Livers were dissected out and dried at 60 °C for 24 h. A suite of 22 elements was analyzed by the Advanced Analytical Centre at James Cook University using Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometer. There were no significant differences in the nutritional values of K. alvarezii, K. striatum, and K. spinosum from farming sites of Gorontalo Province, Sulawesi. J Appl Phycol 27:1945–1961, Ingratubun MA, Zakiyah U, Risjani Y (2017) Ecological effect analysis in determining environmental suitability for seaweed Kappaphycus alvarezii farming in Levun Bay, Southeast Maluku. Nutrition of Edible Seaweed Kappaphycus alvarezii related to Different Coastal Water Condition . ; Yoon, K.Y. The metabolic syndrome in East Asians. Gosch, B.J. All data are presented as mean ± standard error of the mean (SEM). The lipidic fraction is mostly composed of saturated fatty acids (64.28%), in particular C16:0 (46.51%). Sea bird nest is very beneficial to vegetarian. Seasonal variation in nutritional composition of Kappaphycus alvarezii (Doty) Doty—an edible seaweed. Adv Food Nutr Res 64:17–28, Rajasulochana P, Krishnamoorthy P, Dhamotharan R (2012) Potential application of K. alvarezii in agricultural and pharmaceutical industry. EXTRACT OF KAPPAPHYCUS ALVAREZII and KAPPAPHYCUS ALVAREZII EXTRACT. The second group was fed with a high-carbohydrate, high-fat diet (H) to induce metabolic syndrome. Bodinham, C.L. ; et al. Amino acid analysis was performed using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). 2014. Darmanto and A Ambariyanto. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10811-018-1540-0, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10811-018-1540-0, Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, Not logged in View Article PubMed/NCBI Google Scholar 31. Fish muscles are prone to lipid oxidation catalyzed by presence of metal ions. Proximate compositions, amino acids, fatty acids, minerals, antioxidant potential and antibacterial activity against food-borne pathogens, of Kappaphycus alvarezii and E Abstract. MacArtain, P.; Gill, C.I.R. At pH 12, the nitrogen solubility of this PC was 58.72 ± 1.68% in the presence of 0.5 M NaCl. ; Shanahan, F.; Cotter, P.D. The experimental design used was a completely randomized design with two replications. Li, M.; Shang, Q.; Li, G.; Wang, X.; Yu, G. Degradation of marine algae-derived carbohydrates by. S.W. S.W. However, to say that Chondrus Crispus is the same as Eucheuma Cottonii is not correct. Images were taken using an EVOS FL Colour Imaging System (v 1.4 (Rev 26059); Advanced Microscopy Group, Bothell, WA, USA). Background. Morris, C.J. Yong, Y.S. Rev Bras Farmacogn 22:748–752, Herbreteau F, Coiffaerd LJM, Derrien A, De Roeck-Holtzhauer Y (1997) The fatty acid composition of five species of macroalgae. The third group was fed with high-carbohydrate, high-fat diet supplemented with dried milled, All rats were housed in individual cages in a temperature-controlled (21 ± 2 °C) room with an automated 12-h light/dark cycle environment and, Systolic blood pressure was measured under light sedation by intraperitoneal injection with Zoletil (tiletamine 10 mg/kg, zolazepam 10 mg/kg; Virbac, Peakhurst, NSW, Australia) [, Oral glucose tolerance test was performed on rats after overnight (~12 h) food deprivation [, Terminal euthanasia was induced by intraperitoneal injection of Lethabarb (pentobarbitone sodium, 100 mg/kg; Virbac, Peakhurst, NSW, Australia) and ~6 mL blood was immediately drawn from the abdominal aorta and processed for plasma collection [. The result shows similar values asother studies byIstiani et al. ; Chen, C.H. Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout. ; Robertson, M.D. ; Portois, L.; Malaisse, W.J. Additionally, K. striatum had the highest moisture, crude fiber, Fe, and omega-3 fatty acid. ... with high nutritional value, and thus it becomes one of the most promising plants of the future. Caporaso, J.G. Flora 1A Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, Ratih Ida Adharini,  Suadi, Anes Dwi Jayanti & Arief Rahmat Setyawan, Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Biology, Gadjah Mada University, Jl. Furthermore, the low value of protein (3.4%) and fat (1.1%) of K. alvarezii seaweed were expected based on previously published reports, which protein and fat were mainly composed at the range of 2.5 to 3.8% and 0.2 to 1.60±0.05%, respectively (Fernando et al. Cong, H.H. You searched for: Journal Journal of applied phycology Remove constraint Journal: Journal of applied phycology Publication Year 2019 Remove constraint Publication Year: 2019 Source 2019 v.31 no.1 Remove constraint Source: 2019 v.31 no.1 Ciênc Tecnol Aliment 32:812–818, Wells ML, Potin P, Craigie JS, Raven JA, Merchant SS, Helliwell KE, Smith AG, Camire ME, Brawley SH (2017) Algae as nutritional and functional food sources: revisiting our understanding. ; et al. ceae, genus Kappaphycus, species alvarezii. Rats were randomly divided into three experimental groups each consisting of ten rats. ; Lee, B.Y. Park, M.K. Hearts and livers from rats in each group were collected and fixed in 10% neutral buffered formalin for 3 days. (2010), which are Gracilaria … Jiménez-Escrig, A.; Sánchez-Muniz, F.J. Dietary fibre from edible seaweeds: Chemical structure, physicochemical properties and effects on cholesterol metabolism. Bot Mar 40:25–27, Hong DD, Hien HM, Thu NTH, Hang DTT, Nang HQ (2010) Establish cultivation by mixing crops of different strains of Eucheuma and Kappaphycus species. Data were analyzed by analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Duncan test further. ; Lachner, N.; Gellatly, S.L. Wanyonyi S, du Preez R, Brown L, Paul N, Panchal S. Kappaphycus alvarezii as a Food Supplement Prevents Diet-Induced Metabolic Syndrome in Rats. It was found that the content of ascorbic acid in K. alvarezii was 107.1mg/100g dry wt and Beta-carotene was 5.26mg/100g sample dry weight. ; Jung, U.; Roh, C. Fucoidan from marine brown algae inhibits lipid accumulation. Potassium’s cardiovascular protective mechanisms. Posadas, I.; Bucci, M.; Roviezzo, F.; Rossi, A.; Parente, L.; Sautebin, L.; Cirino, G. Carrageenan-induced mouse paw oedema is biphasic, age-weight dependent and displays differential nitric oxide cyclooxygenase-2 expression. ; Gordon, J.I. However, K. alvarezii had the highest value of carbohydrate, protein, vitamin C, and gel strength, whereas K. spinosum had the highest contents of Ca, Na, and omega-6 fatty acids. Teas, J.; Baldeon, M.E. Carpentier, Y.A. volume 31, pages725–730(2019)Cite this article. 1. ; Parsons, J.D. and . “Kappaphycus alvarezii seaweed is cultivated from several macroalgae like Gracilaria, Kappaphycus at the plant in Bhavnagar in Gujarat state. ; Paul, N.A. ; Brancati, F.L. According to Valderrama et al. Gastrointest. ; Drago, S.R. Kumar, S.A.; Magnusson, M.; Ward, L.C. 1, below), Kappaphycus striatum and Eucheuma denticulatum belong to a group of commercially important species known as the “Eucheumoid algae” and are known in the trade as “cottonii” and “spinosum”. Matanjun, P.; Mohamed, S.; Muhammad, K.; Mustapha, N.M. Since then, many countries ; Vlietinck, R.; Saris, W.H. To determine various vitamins. Thus, this research aimed to investigate the effect of the application of hot water blanching pre-treatments on the drying rate, sensory, and nutritional attributes of seaweed (Kappaphycus Alvarezii, S.). The crude fibre content of seaweed from Sabah (at 8.95%) was found to be significantly higher than that of Langkawi (at 7.86%) (P<0.05). Immediately following euthanasia and organ removal, two or three fecal pellets were collected from the colon of rats and stored at −80 °C in nuclease-free tubes. ; Costello, E.K. Tims, S.; Derom, C.; Jonkers, D.M. ; Knight, R.D. Dawczynski, C.; Schubert, R.; Jahreis, G. Amino acids, fatty acids, and dietary fibre in edible seaweed products. ; Klein, S.; Gordon, J.I. Received: 5 October 2017 / Revised: 10 November 2017 / Accepted: 13 November 2017 / Published: 17 November 2017, Regular consumption of seaweeds in Japan, Korea, and China occurs together with a relatively low incidence of cardiovascular and metabolic disorders relative to Western countries [, Edible seaweeds contain a large variety of phylum-specific dietary fiber including alginates, fucans, and laminarans from brown seaweeds (Phylum Ochrophyta, Class Phaeophyceae), galactans, agar, and carrageenans from red seaweeds (Phylum Rhodophyta), and ulvans from green seaweeds (Phylum Chlorophyta) [, Functional foods such as red seaweeds could serve as potential therapeutic options for metabolic syndrome [, In this study, we have evaluated the potential of, For the proximate analyses, total dietary fiber content, including soluble and insoluble components, was analyzed by Grain Growers Ltd. (Sydney, NSW, Australia) on a 10 g sub-sample following standard methods (Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC) Official Method 985.29 total dietary fiber in foods, and AOAC Official Method 993.19 soluble dietary fiber in food and food products). Three color strains of the n-carrageenan producing red alga Kappaphycus alvarezii were cultured in Dzilam, Yucata´n, over a 6-month period using the fixed off bottom monoline culture method to determine the technical viability of producing Achetez maintenant! Magnusdottir, S.; Ravcheev, D.; de Crecy-Lagard, V.; Thiele, I. Comparison of cardiovascular protective effects of tropical seaweeds. However, K. alvarezii is an unexplored biomass for green biorefinery conversion, since its composition includes valuable proteins, lipids, phenolic compounds, among others. Retrieved on July 4, 2017 from DOI: 10.4314/ajfand.v10i5.56341. Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Proximate analysis was done to examine nutrition value of pretreated seaweed Kappaphycusalvarezii. ; Haas, B.J. In. Raman, M.; Doble, M. κ-Carrageenan from marine red algae. The eucheumatoids Kappaphycus and Eucheuma are cultivated in tropical or subtropical regions for the production of carrageenan, a hydrocolloid widely used in the food and cos-metic industries. We would also like to thank the University of Southern Queensland Research and Innovation Division for funding support to complete this study. By Eko Nurcahya Dewi, Y.S. Bull Mar Sci Fish Kochi Univ 12:51–65, UN COMTRADE (2018) United Nations Commodity Trade Statistics Database United Nations Statistics Division, New York. ; Kraan, S. Bioactive compounds in seaweed: Functional food applications and legislation. P. Silva, also known as “cottonii,” is one of the most important sources of kappa-carrageenan, and belongs to the family Solieriaceae. Furthermore, the quantita-tive roles of genetics and environment on seaweed biomass have yet to be established. Subscription will auto renew annually. ; Xu, J.; Leip, D.D. Volume 10.no.5. Cultivation of K. alvarezii for commercial purposes originated in the Philippines way back in the 1960s (ref. ; Kim, K.J. Frequency of food intake and estimated nutrient intake among men and women: The JACC study. King, D.E. Gracilaria salicornia. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10811-018-1540-0. Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences and the Ruminant Animal Nutrition Laboratory and Livestock Food Chemistry at the Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Padjadjaran University in November 2018. “Kappaphycus alvarezii seaweed is cultivated from several macroalgae like Gracilaria, Kappaphycus at the plant in Bhavnagar in Gujarat state. ; Diwan, V.; Kauter, K.; Sernia, C.; Campbell, F.; Ward, L.; et al. Heart tissues were stained with hematoxylin and eosin or picrosirius red. J Appl Phycol 26:707–718, Hurtado AQ, Neish IC, Critchley AT (2015) Developments in production technology of Kappaphycus in the Philippines: more than four decades of farming. However, K. alvarezii had the highest value of carbohydrate, protein, vitamin C, and gel strength, whereas K. spinosum had the highest contents of Ca, Na, and omega-6 fatty acids. ; O’Toole, P.W. Microbial ecology: Human gut microbes associated with obesity. Aquac Econ Manag 19:251–277, Webber V, de Carvalho SM, Ogliari PJ, Hayashi L, Barreto LM (2012) Optimization of the extraction of carrageenan from Kappaphycus alvarezii using response surface technology. ; Davis, J.R.; Sarries, A.J. Slavin, J.L. Kappaphycus alvarezii . It yields production over a shorter time duration compared to terrestrial plants. Irish Moss Seaweed, the great alkalizer is also known by some people as Chondrus Crispus, Gracilaria, Kappaphycus Alvarezii or even Eucheuma Cottonii. Our dedicated information section provides allows you to learn more about MDPI. Cian, R.E. ; Follmann, D.; Klag, M.J. Low molecular weight fucoidan improves endoplasmic reticulum stress-reduced insulin sensitivity through AMP-activated protein kinase activation in L6 myotubes and restores lipid homeostasis in a mouse model of type 2 diabetes. The experimental protocol consisted of 30 male Wistar rats (8–9 weeks old; 330–335 g) purchased from the Animal Resource Centre, Murdoch, WA, Australia. Antioxidant activity of red algae Kappaphycus alvarezii and Kappaphycus striatum Abstract Antioxidants in seaweeds have attracted increasing interest for its role in protecting human health. Ileum from H rats showed infiltration of inflammatory cells while ileum and colon from C and HR rats along with colon from H rats did not show any structural damages, including no evidence of inflammation. Research works have sought to exploit seaweed and have discovered its intrinsic values based on its growth, yield, chemical, and physical properties. S.K.P. ; Brown, L. A green algae mixture of. Yang, R.; Le, G.; Li, A.; Zheng, J.; Shi, Y. ; Yong, W.T.L. ; Fierer, N.; Pena, A.G.; Goodrich, J.K.; Gordon, J.I. Functional Foods Research Group, Institute for Agriculture and the Environment, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, QLD 4350, Australia, School of Health and Wellbeing, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, QLD 4350, Australia, Faculty of Science, Health, Education and Engineering, University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore, QLD 4558, Australia. ; Poudyal, H.; Iyer, A.; Nazer, R.; Alam, M.A. KUMAR, S. K., P. V. SUBBA RAO AND K.S. ; Sazali, I.H. performed experiments and analyzed the data; all authors interpreted the data. Help us to further improve by taking part in this short 5 minute survey, Validity and Reproducibility of a Food Frequency Questionnaire for Dietary Factors Related to Colorectal Cancer, A Correlation Study of DHA Intake Estimated by a FFQ and Concentrations in Plasma and Erythrocytes in Mid- and Late Pregnancy, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, Basal blood glucose concentrations, mmol/L. Eucheumoid algae . The authors declare no conflict of interest. 2019). ; Brown, L. Seaweed supplements normalise metabolic, cardiovascular and liver responses in high-carbohydrate, high-fat fed rats. Reagan-Shaw, S.; Nihal, M.; Ahmad, N. Dose translation from animal to human studies revisited. J King Saud Univ-Eng Sci 26:3–9, Cyriac B, Eswaran K (2016) Anti- hyperglycemic effect of aqueous extract of Kappaphycus alvarezii (Doty) Doty ex. Yan, Y.L. Keywords: Kappaphycus alvarezii, copper nanoparticles, seaweed, copper (I) oxide, core shell nanoparticles, zeta potential. Kappaphycus alvarezii is the 5th world's most cultivated macroalgae, since it is an essential source of carrageenan, widely used in food industry. Ley, R.E. ; Dal’Molin, C.G. Seasonal variation in nutritional composition of Kappaphycus alvarezii (Doty) Doty—an edible seaweed. The content of metals and metalloids (22 elements) of the seaweed was measured by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP/MS with Varian 820-MS, Mulgrave, VIC, Australia) at the Advanced Analytical Centre of James Cook University, Townsville, Australia. Nutrition Profile Value Measured Reported by Reported by Istiani et al. A secondary PCR to index the amplicons was performed with TaKaRa Taq DNA Polymerase (Clontech, Mountain View, CA, USA). Both species are responsible for approximately 88% of raw material processed for carrageenan production, yielding about 120,000 dry tons year-1 mainly from the Philippines, Indonesia, … and S.K.P. Targeting the microbiota to address diet-induced obesity: A time dependent challenge. Antioxidant potential of solvent extracts of. Tissues were then processed and blocked in wax before thin sections (5 μm) were cut and placed on slides. Effects of oral potassium on blood pressure. Aqueous extracts of microalgae exhibit antioxidant and anticancer activities. Kim, K.J. Kumar, S.A.; Brown, L. Seaweeds as potential therapeutic interventions for the metabolic syndrome. Leung, J.; Burke, B.; Ford, D.; Garvin, G.; Korn, C.; Sulis, C.; Bhadelia, N. Possible association between obesity and. Borneo Sci 31:85–96, Akmal SR, Trijuno DD, Rahmi, Darmawati (2014) Content of carrageenan, chlorophyll a and carotenoid of Kappaphycus alvarezii cultivated in different seawater depth Laikang village, district of Mangarabombang, Takalar regency. ; Mata, L.; de Nys, R.; Paul, N.A. Woting, A.; Pfeiffer, N.; Loh, G.; Klaus, S.; Blaut, M. Clarke, S.F. Journal of Food Science Technology 55 (5), 2751-2760, 2014. All authors read and approved the final manuscript. There is varying nutrient levels depending on time of year, age of harvest of the seaweed. Since their introduction in Kaneohe Bay in 1974, they have spread at the rate of 260 m/yr. In K. alvarezii, the amino acid with the highest level was glutamate (13.73%), while in G. salicornia, the amino acid with the highest level was serine (13.02%).The results of the nutritional evaluation indicate that lysine is a limiting amino acid in K. alvarezii seaweed and methionine is a limiting amino acid in G. salicornia seaweed. Ash, fat, protein and crude fiber content of the seaweed was observed to be lower compared to other red seaweed species reported by Gressler et al . The trace element nutrients values are from Wanyonyi et al 2017 for Kappaphycus alvarezii from Fiji Mar. Kappaphycus alvarezii, commercially recognized as "cottoni," is considered the main source of kappa carrageenan, while Eucheuma denticulatum, known as "spinosum," is the main source of iota carrageenan. Yoneda, M.; Yamane, K.; Jitsuiki, K.; Nakanishi, S.; Kamei, N.; Watanabe, H.; Kohno, N. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome compared between native Japanese and Japanese-Americans. ; Qiu, P.J. Fucoidan, a sulfated polysaccharide, inhibits adipogenesis through the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. ; Palfreyman, R.W. ; Lee, O.W. those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publisher and the editor(s). Bot Mar 49:57–64, Nagarani N, Kumaraguru AK (2012) Investigation of the effect of K. alvarezii on antioxidant enzymes, cell viability and DNA damage in male rats. The emulsifying and foaming properties of this PC varied with time and pH. One group was fed on corn starch diet (C) which did not induce any complications of metabolic syndrome. Learn more about Institutional subscriptions, Ahmad F, Sulaiman MR, Saimon W, Fook YC, Matanjun P (2012) Proximate compositions and total phenolic contents of selected edible seaweed from Semporna, Sabah, Malaysia. A unified correlation for estimating HHV of solid, liquid and gaseous fuels. Dhamotharan [11] conducted experiment to estimate b1, b2 and b6 on the dried samples of stoechospernum marginatum and …

kappaphycus alvarezii nutritional value

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